Michigan Drone Laws – Know Your Responsibilities!

Here you'll learn the Michigan drone laws implemented by the federal, state, and local authorities.
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Last updatedLast updated: January 12, 2022
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The drone laws in Michigan are a microcosm of the issues that have arisen surrounding this relatively new technology. Any guide to drone training will emphasize that new pilots must adhere to the law to avoid landing in legal hot water. Over the last few years, drones have become increasingly popular, with five million sold globally Trusted Source • Global consumer drone shipments 2020-2030 | Statista The total number of consumer drone shipments worldwide was around 5 million units in 2020. The number is expected to increase over the next decade, reaching 9.6 million consumer drone unit shipments globally by 2030.  www.statista.com in 2020, and the FAA Trusted Source UAS by the Numbers A few decades ago, drones were confined to science fiction or notions of the future. Today, unmanned aircraft systems, or drones, are rapidly becoming a part of our everyday lives. www.faa.gov estimates that there are more than 1 million in the United States.

Flying stunt drones is a great deal of fun, but there are many practical applications beyond a simple hobby. A simple perusal of any video sharing site will reveal plenty of stunning aerial drone footage created by professional and amateur pilots. But, as a drone pilot, it’s important to understand your responsibilities under Michigan law. Here we’ll explore detailed information on what a drone pilot can and cannot do to stay compliant with Michigan drone laws.

Where Can You Fly a Drone in Michigan?

Michigan Drone Laws - Know Your Responsibilities!Many people believe that they can fly their drones anywhere, but this is not the case. A recreation drone pilot cannot fly their drone above 400 feet and certain air spaces are entirely out of bounds for safety reasons, including airports, military bases, nuclear power plants, stadiums, and national landmarks.

The Registering Process in Michigan

Before you start to fly drones in national parks and other scenic spots, it’s necessary to register with the Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA Trusted Source How to Register Your Drone Register your drone at FAA DroneZone either under part 107 or the Exception for Recreational Flyers. If you are not sure what kind of a drone flyer you are, check out our User Identification Tool or visit our Getting Started webpage to learn more. www.faa.gov ). All Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) owners need to follow strict laws and regulations. This process requires the owner to file their name, home and email address to get started. Then a Certificate of Aircraft Registration and Proof of Ownership are received along with a unique identification number for your drone. This number is valid for 3 years and it must be displayed on your drone constantly.

Every aircraft that weighs 0.55 lbs up to 55 lbs must be registered and this weight allowance includes the camera and other payloads. The minimum registration age is 13 years old and a new drone must be registered before the first flight.
This entire process can be paper based or it may be completed online.

General Rules for Flying Drones in State Michigan

The rules for flying drones in Michigan can be divided into federal, state, and local laws.

Federal Laws

These are drone regulations Michigan residents need to follow alongside the state laws which we will cover next. Flying a drone as a commercial pilot requires adherence to UAS Rule (Part 107) set out by the FAA. This would include a test on Aeronautical Knowledge to get a Remote Pilot Certification.

The rules for a hobbyist require adherence to the FAA variant of the above guidelines. If the drone weighs 0.55 lbs or more, it must be registered and this costs $5. There are other specific rules on line-of-sight flying, elevation, airspace access, and more.

If a drone is flown by a government worker, this is covered under either the same FAA Part 107 rule mentioned earlier or a national Certification of Authorization (COA).

Michigan Drone Laws - Know Your Responsibilities!State Laws

Let’s take a look at the relevant drone legislation that covers Michigan. There are two state-wide laws that apply to the use of drones in the state.

SB 992 // 2016

This legislation states that:

Local governments are prohibited from the control of UAS unless that area owns the drone.

Commercial drone operation is allowed if the operator is FAA approved to work in a commercial capacity. Hobby operation is allowed as long as the operator is compliant with national law.

Drone use that acts in contrast with emergency employees and is used to frighten someone. to violate restraining orders or capture images that invade a person’s privacy is prohibited.

Sex criminals using a drone to photograph a person that they are not permitted to call or to trace contacts is prohibited.

A person that uses a drone in a manner prohibited by this law is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SB 54 // 2015

This legislation prohibits the use of a UAS to harass or interfere with a person engaged in hunting.

Order 5.1 State Parks and Recreation Areas // 2019

The Michigan State Park drone laws prohibit:

The operation of uncrewed aircraft they intentionally and knowingly complies with the performance of official duties.

The operation of an uncrewed aircraft to interfere with search and rescue.

The flying of a drone within 100 meters of a historic or cultural site/structure.

Flying in an inhabited bathroom, open-changing courtroom. equestrian center. shore area and aerial right-of way areas.

Commercial flying without prior approval received as written consent from an authorized representative of the relevant section.

Commercial drone pilots working in Michigan are subject to the aforementioned FAA Part 107 Rules.

More support on Michigan drone legislation can be found on uavcoach.com.

Local Laws

These are drone laws that apply to specific cities, counties, and areas in Michigan:

City of West Bloomfield Deadly Ordinance // 2016

This town ordnance states that all city parks as no-fly zones.

The Univerity of Michigan – University Policy // 2017

The University of Michigan has an ordinance in-place that prohibits the operation of drones over any campus. Prior permission must be awarded with an application that will be reviewed by the IASC and delivered for final approval to the Executive Vice President and the CFO.

Mt. Brighton Ski Resort – Vail Properties Policy // 2020

This prohibits the use of recreational or commercial drones by guests or members of the public for any reason. There are limited exceptions if the operator is approved, they have an FAA exemption and they have written consent from the hotel.

Notes for Operating Recreational and Commercial Drones

As we’ve touched on above, whether you’re using the drone for recreational or commercial purposes will impact the Michigan drone laws.

Recreational Drones

Michigan Drone Laws - Know Your Responsibilities!A small drone such as the Holy Stone HS720 under 55 lbs in weight can be flown by following the FAA Part 107 guidelines. Recreational use in Michigan may rely on specific state jurisdiction, clearance requirements, and licensing. Let’s take a look at 10 rules that will keep you and your drone safe, they are:

  1. Fly for recreation only.
  2. Follow the FAA-recognized CBO rules or the FAA-approved guidelines per Advisory Circular 91-57B.
  3. Keep the drone within your line-of-sight at all times.
  4. Don’t interfere with crewed aircraft operations.
  5. Fly below 400 feet in uncontrolled airspace.
  6. Take the Recreational UAS Safety Test and carry the proof with you.
  7. Mark your drone with your current registration mark and carry the registration proof with you.
  8. Don’t fly the drone under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  9. Don’t fly over critical infrastructure.
  10. Don’t interfere with law enforcement and emergency response procedures.

The intentional violation of the above safety requirements and/or the careless operation of drones may make the operator liable to civil and/or criminal penalties. We recommend that recreation drone pilots consult FAA rules and regulations on the proper use of drones. In many cases, using common sense when operating a drone around wildlife, public areas, and historic sites can prevent many potential problems.

Commercial Drones

Michigan Drone Laws - Know Your Responsibilities!Before you choose the best drone for wedding photography or roof inspections, it’s important to learn more about the rules covering commercial drone operations. If the drone is lighter than 55 lbs, you can operate it for work or in a business capacity by following the FAA Part 107 drone laws. There may be specific clearance requirements, permissions, and state jurisdictions to check before you operate the drone. To fly a drone under Part 107 commercially there are three generals steps to follow:

Step 1: Understand the Rules

  1. It’s important to read and fully understand the Part 107 rules.
  2. Certain operations are not covered by Part 107 and a waiver may be required, they are:

Operation from a moving vehicle or aircraft (§ 107.25)

Daylight operation (§ 107.29)

Visual observer (§ 107.33)

Visual line of sight aircraft operation (§ 107.31) *

Operation of multiple small unmanned aircraft systems (§ 107.35)

Yielding the right of way (§ 107.37(a))

Operation in certain airspace (§ 107.41)

Operation over people (§ 107.39)

Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft (§ 107.51)

*The FAA will not waive this section to allow the carriage of property of another by aircraft for compensation or hire.

Check the Part 107 waiver application process for more information.

  1. Commercial drone pilots cannot fly near airports for safety because manned aircraft cannot see or avoid a drone during normal operations.

Step 2: Pass the Knowledge Test to Become an FAA-Certified Drone Pilot

  1. To get the Remote Pilot Certificate (Drone License) you must be at least 16 years old, be able to speak, read and write English and be in a mental and physical condition to fly drones.
  2. Next, the process to get the certificate must be reviewed carefully.
  3. Review the FAA test prep materials to study for the Knowledge Test.
  4. Create an Integrated Airman Certification and Rating Application (IACRA) profile to get an FAA Tracking Number (FTN) that you need to apply for the Knowledge Test.
  5. Make an appointment at your nearest FAA-approved Knowledge Testing Center to take the test.
  6. After passing the test complete the FAA Form 8710-13 to apply for a remote pilot certificate.
  7. Congratulations you can now operate a drone commercially.

Step 3: Register Your Drone

  1. Pay the $5 registration fee, it’s valid for 3 years and the make and model of the drone must be stated on the registration form.
  2. Visit dronezone.faa.gov to create your account and complete the registration. Select the “Fly UAS under Part 107” section for this purpose.
  3. After registration mark the drone with the unique registration number.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, Michigan drone laws can be a little complicated, but ignorance will not help you to avoid fines or other penalties. So, if you want to use a drone, it is important that you familiarize yourself with the rules.

You don’t need to learn the entire set of laws for drones, simply concentrate on your specific area of use. In most cases, this will be using your drone for fun. Fortunately, most of the rules for recreational drone use are quite simple. Once you are familiar with the appropriate rules, you can then concentrate on piloting your drone and getting some great images or wowing your friends with your aerial skills.

References

1.
• Global consumer drone shipments 2020-2030 | Statista
The total number of consumer drone shipments worldwide was around 5 million units in 2020. The number is expected to increase over the next decade, reaching 9.6 million consumer drone unit shipments globally by 2030. 
2.
UAS by the Numbers
A few decades ago, drones were confined to science fiction or notions of the future. Today, unmanned aircraft systems, or drones, are rapidly becoming a part of our everyday lives.
3.
How to Register Your Drone
Register your drone at FAA DroneZone either under part 107 or the Exception for Recreational Flyers. If you are not sure what kind of a drone flyer you are, check out our User Identification Tool or visit our Getting Started webpage to learn more.
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